Synergology distinguishes five categories in non verbal communication:
- peri-verbal: time and space (ex: a phone-conversation)
- para-verbal: the use of the voice (ex: tone, timbre, intonation)
- infra-verbal: subliminal reality (ex: colours, smell)
- supra-verbal: conscious signals (ex: a costume)
- pré-verbal: body language (the field of synergology)
The synergological corpus was not created from theoretical concepts, or, in other words, from “what we think”, but rather from “what we see”. This is known as synergological praxis. Synergological knowledge has developed within a continuous relationship between theory and practice. Systematic interpretation of body language teaches us that what causes variation in the choice of the hand used is the kind of information exchanged, wich has absolutely nothing to do with being left- or right-handed. Systematic observation of the face and body thus enables us to spot a number of false beliefs. Synergology provides us the keys: the greatest value is that they can be used in a practical way.
SYNERGOLOGY IS A DISCIPLINE IN THE FIELD OF COMMUNICATION
Non-verbal information can be approached seriously because it has been rigorously segmented into categories. Non-verbal communication comes from adding converging incomplete pieces of information. The scientific nature of synergology can be seen on three levels:
1. The manner in which non-verbal information has been segmented.
2. The propositions that are put forward.
3. The method of validating propositions.
Non verbal information has been segmented in three complementary ways: a: The entire person called: the statue (imprinted emotions) b: The emotions , the inner attitude (expressed emotions) c: The micro-movements (suppressed emotions)
Synergology is careful to measure that which falls within the realm of communication (systemic) as opposed to what is related to what we are (analytic). Synergology measures openness and withdrawal. Synergology distinguishes eight groups of emotions. Hypertonic and hypotonic expressions categorized in positive and negative emotions.
The human body is divided into eight segments. The triple dimension of the axis of the head is taken into account. The positioning of the hands and feet (pronation and supination) is taken into account. Four different types of possible gestures which can complement each other. The right and left sides of the face and body are differentiated in communication. Every visible micro-reaction of the face is taken into account. The three possible attitudes of the hands on the face or body are differentiated. Eye movements are segmented into four quadrants and reconsidered from a cultural or systemic perspective. The body and limbs are segmented into four sides according how they approach their surroundings. The hands are also segmented into four sides. Each finger acts according to a meaningful logic.
In harmony with recent findings, synergology has pioneered the fact that inter-personal communication is part of a unit. When two people communicate there is a common area of speech. We no longer think in terms of speaker and listener. However, theories of synergology do not wish to be considered solely as part of a unit. Along with the aspect of interactive relationships, we must not forget each individual’s background, manifested by certain physical particularities. Everyone has inherited unique bodily gestures. In synergology, an intellectual study allows the reading of gestures to be linked to emotions and subconscious intentions.
This is possible because cognitive episodes, psycho-affection and neuro-movements are all linked together. Emotions will come to the surface, manifested by unconscious gestures. To give credibility to this theory, certain rules must be established, keeping in mind the anatomy, and the classification of micro-gestures.
Numerous classifications and differences between: 1.Gestures that interact with one group of muscles around one body part without working with other body parts. These gestures have been regrouped, classified and are called microreactions. They are not associated with any gestures of the hand when it reaches the face or the rest of the body. These gestures are called micro-attitudes. 2. Three types of micro-attitudes are described; microfixations if the hand is motionless, micro-caresses if the hand discretely strikes part of the face or body, and micro-scratching when the nails scratches the skin without any cause. 3. It may also happen without reason other than comfort, that one hand reaches out for the other. Synergology describes this as a series of manual retroactive gestures such as: hand in hand, joined hands, crossed hands, ‘V’- hands, or cradled hands. 4. It is also possible that the hands may move in the air. These gestures are considered figurative gestures or symbolic gestures, imbedded in the brain. Each gesture is different by its nature and dynamics, its interaction and the position of the hand when in movement are taken in consideration. 5. Non-verbal communication using gestures would not be fully understood if the gestures were not fully described. Numerous semi-conscious gestures can be considered. For example, when the hand reaches a side of eyeglasses or when it firmly holds a pair of keys, a lighter, etc.
Thousands of main items have been gathered, resulting in a «table of synergology», explaining very different and significant gestures. These appear when some type of emotion is experienced. Different types of emotions can be carefully gathered. This is the sixth rule of classification, obtaining a clear reasoning. Eight groups of emotions have been established. They determine if the verbal aspect of the emotion is the same as the non-verbal emotion noticed. On a day-to-day basis, synergology allows one to determine the general coherence of a speaker in reference to his speech.
CLASSIFICATION OF KNOWLEDGE
Synergology is a method deciphering unconscious non-verbal language. The term « unconscious » is opened to numerous definitions. Synergology resolves this problem in a different manner. Instead of beginning with an established theory of the unconscious, synergology observes visible body reactions. It does not judge but will carefully classify what is observed by non-verbal classification. It is by reference, proceeding with logic, grasping the body gestures often related one to the other, that leads to observations of the unconscious, preferably referred to as the non-conscious. In synergology each gesture is categorized, becoming a specific item (EX: when the left eyelid blinks irregularly this is called (M_O_R_Y_G_CLIN); because of the classification method this item would be easily found among more than 3000 items. Each case contains a unique (micro-)gesture, which has been located and registered hundreds of times among hundreds of people in different cultures, ages, groups and socio-cultures.
CLASSIFICATIONS OF EMOTIONS
When establishing noticeable differences of items related to general body tone, such as differences between hyper-emotional and hypo-emotional conditions, we can understand the particular conditions, and measure the positive or negative emotional state. Following the method it will finally determine if the emotion was meant for the speaker or meant to be kept to oneself. Once again certain items will help interpret this condition.
Eight different groups of emotions are gathered and identified from E1 to E8. When circumstances and non-verbal items are in agreement, the emotion felt will be easily understood. Meanwhile, it may also happen that circumstances and non-verbal items are in complete disagreement: when the apparent emotion (identified through verbal communication) does not correspond to items identified through non-verbal findings. A suppressed emotion is therefore presented and identified without being ambiguous.
The main question concerning the acceptance of certain knowledge is the basic target in the non-verbal field because we deal with social sciences. With epistemology (science of knowledge), Karl Popper, along with the school of Vienna have established certain criteria which envelope synergology, in obtaining valid observations based on protocol. Based on the studies of the school of Vienna, a proposition has been presented. Subsequently, Karl Popper suggests that to imagine a refutable theory, one can use as an example, the following: “100,000 white swans on a lake does not mean that the suggestion that “all swans are white” is necessarily true. On the other hand, one single black swan on a lake will allow to determine that suggesting all swans are white is false. A proposition is scientific, not because it is true, but depending on the point of view, it can also be considered false if it is truly false. One can clearly see the difference between scientific and metaphysic propositions. All propositions in synergology are refutable.
For example, Turchet discovered that when man is relaxed, he will speak to someone while looking at his subject with his left eye, no matter which eye has the strongest vision, even if he is one-eyed. This proposition is clear enough to be refutable. In this case it would take a significant percentage of individuals who would like looking at their subjects with their right eye, to prove this proposition wrong, which is not really recognized. With synergology, non-truths can be denounced -when encountered- here and there in the non-verbal field.
Synergology has opened the debate on knowledge (epistemology), the recognition of a discipline outside the traditional spheres. Numerous findings have been discovered applying its theories. For example, a non-conscious glance is related to knowledge in other disciplines, mainly that of criminology. The direct relationship between gestures and eye movements allows us to discover neuro-symbolisms in space. Throughout, the years, their discovery could have a direct impact in various fields such as that of animated films. These gestures are regrouped because they have been coded, computerized and transferred directly where applicable. The quality of the unconscious symbolic gestures in space has always peeked the curiosity of psychoanalysts. These discoveries are made possible by independent researchers and are allowed to evolve outside the spheres of the traditional university. Because of this fact, one must wonder about its institutional status. Today synergology is a trade name at the national institute of intellectual proprieties in France. This will therefore allow only the most complete and careful information to be given out.